Last Updated: 27th Feb 2011

<p>Edinburgh is the largest and capital city of <a href="/contikipedia/articles/scotland">Scotland</a>. Home to a little under half a million Scots, it is widely regarded as one of Europe&#8217;s most handsome capitals. The city is famous for the arts, festivals, events, Edinburgh Castle and the Edinburgh Military Tattoo.</p> <p>The Old Town straddles the ridge between the Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse with most of the city&#8217;s medieval history clustered in the alleys of the Grassmarket and Royal Mile areas. Surrounded by the city walls, the &#8216;Old Town&#8217; grew up rather than out and amongst the alleys that lead off the main streets it&#8217;s still possible to get a sense the city&#8217;s medieval past.</p> <p>The &#8216;New Town&#8217;, to the north, evolved after 1767 when wealthy merchants expanded the city beyond its medieval walls. This district contains Britain&#8217;s finest concentration of Georgian architecture.</p> <p>A vibrant, fun vibe exists in the city that contrasts with the wealth of history and troubled past of this Scottish sensation.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/edinburgh-castle-and-the-stone-of-destiny">Edinburgh Castle and the Stone of Destiny</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/the-royal-mile-edinburgh">The Royal Mile</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/holyrood-palace-edinburgh">Holyrood Palace</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/parlament-house-edinburgh">Parliament House</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/art-and-culture-edinburgh">Art and Culture</a></li> </ul> <h2>Events</h2> <p>Edinburgh is well known as one of Europe&#8217;s leading cites of art and culture but it is perhaps the international events hosted by the city that are most famous.</p> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/edinburgh-military-tattoo">Edinburgh Military Tattoo</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/edinburgh-festival-and-fringe-festival">Edinburgh Festival and Fringe Festival</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><a href="/contikipedia/articles/edinburgh-airport">Edinburgh Airport</a></li> </ul> <h2>Shopping</h2> <p>Princes Street is the main shopping street of the city.</p> <h2>Pubs and Nightlife</h2> <p>Edinburgh is packed with bars and pubs. The Scots love to have a pint and are among some of the friendliest people on the planet. A popular challenge among the young Scottish lads is to try and have a pint in every pub from one end of Rose Street to the other.</p>