Last Updated: 16th Feb 2011

<p><img src="" class="rightwise" title="moscow russia st basils" alt="moscow russia st basils" /></p> <p>Moscow, the storied city that is today the capital of <a href="/contikipedia/articles/russia">Russia</a> has borne witness to some of the most influential events of the 20th century. The heart of the former Soviet Union, home of the Russian Revolution and the 1991 coup that brought an end to the Cold War, Moscow is went to on change the face of the entire planet. With almost 11 million people in the city, it is easily the largest city in the country and is also famous for being the home of the Kremlin and the iconic domes of St Basil&#8217;s Cathedral.</p> <p>Moscow began as a small province and because of its favorable position on the Volga River, gradually grew in importance until it was the capital of the region until Peter the Great founded <a href="/contikipedia/articles/st-petersburg">St Petersburg</a> to the north as his Imperial Russian capital. Vladimir Lenin lead the Russian Revolution, ousted the monarchy and in 1918 renamed Moscow as the capital of Russia.</p> <p>The city became the political center for the Soviet Union under the rule of Joseph Stalin who planned and built much of the modern city while the Ostankino Tower built in 1967 was a symbol of Soviet superiority at the time is was built was the tallest free standing structure in the world.</p> <p>The waves created by the fall of Communism in Eastern Europe, brought about by reforms by the legendary Mikhail Gorbachev, were eventually felt in the capital and after Boris Yeltsin’s coup, the city sought to absorb everything Western and today is a city where Russia’s new super rich flaunt their wealth alongside an exploding middle class while the old guard</p> <h2>Art and Culture</h2> <p>Moscow is home to the world renowned Pushkin Museum is home to Monet, Cezanne and Picasso among many others. The Bolshoi Ballet is famous throughout the world Theatre. (closed in 2005 for reconstruction work)</p> <h2>Sights and Activities</h2> <p>The Moscow Metro legendary and no trip to the city is complete without a ride on what is arguably the busiest transport system in the world</p> <h2>The Kremlin, Red Square and the Lenin Mausoleum</h2> <p>The Kremlin in Moscow is citadel of the old city and the political heart of Russia and the former Soviet Union, now home also to the President of Russia. Red Square is the main square of the city and has been and continues to be the site of official government ceremonies and parades. Near the square is the <span class="caps">GUM</span> department store, reserved for the super-elite of the Soviet regime to shop for products that the rest of the population it is an icon of the era as well as the Mausoleum of Vladimir Lenin and St Basil&#8217;s Cathedral.</p> <p>by &#8211; <a href="/people/cdm115">cdm115</a></p> <p>As your local guide brings you into Red Square close your eyes and perhaps you’ll hear the goose steps of the Red Army as it displays its military might through Red Square. Red Square offers a contrast of Communist relics and emerging Capitalism. Visit the eerie resting place of Lenin, <span class="caps">GUM </span>Department store, or go back further in time to the Kremlin and Tsarist Russia.</p>